Robert Schumann

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Robert Schumann According to Daverio, there is no evidence of a middle name "Alexander", which is given in some sources. (June 1810 - July 1856) was a German composer and influential music critic. He is widely regarded as one of the greatest composers of the Romantic era. Schumann left the study of law, intending to pursue a career as a virtuoso pianist. He had been assured by his teacher Friedrich Wieck that he could become the finest pianist in Europe, but a hand injury ended this dream. Schumann then focused his musical energies on composing.

Schumann's published compositions were written exclusively for the piano until 1840; he later composed works for piano and orchestra; many Lieder (songs for voice and piano); four symphonies; an opera; and other orchestral, choral, and chamber works. Works such as Kinderszenen, Album für die Jugend, Blumenstück, Sonatas and Albumblätter are among his most famous. His writings about music appeared mostly in the Neue Zeitschrift für Musik (New Journal for Music), a Leipzig-based publication which he jointly founded.

In 1840, against the wishes of her father, Schumann married Friedrich Wieck's daughter Clara Schumann, following a long and acrimonious legal battle, which found in favor of Clara and Robert. Clara also composed music and had a considerable concert career as a pianist, the earnings from which formed a substantial part of her father's fortune.

Schumann suffered from a lifelong mental disorder, first manifesting itself in 1833 as a severe melancholic depressive episode, which recurred several times alternating with phases of ‘exaltation’ and increasingly also delusional ideas of being poisoned or threatened with metallic items. After a suicide attempt in 1854, Schumann was admitted to a mental asylum, at his own request, in Endenich near Bonn. Diagnosed with "psychotic melancholia", Schumann died two years later in 1856 without having recovered from his mental illness.

Song Cycles, Symphonies, Collections etc.

Das Paradies und die Peri, op. 50

Der arme Peter (Poor Peter), op. 53

Der Rose Pilgerfahrt (The Pilgrimage of the Rose), op. 112 [oratorio]

Des Sängers Fluch: Ballade nach Ludwig Uhland bearbeitet von Richard Pohl für Solostimmen, Chor und Orchester, op. 139

Dichterliebe (Poet's Love), op. 48

Drei Gedichte aus den Waldliedern von G. Pfarrius, op. 119

Drei Gedichte nach Emanuel Geibel für mehrstimmigen Chor und Klavier, op. 29

Frauenliebe und Leben (A Woman's Life and Love), op. 42

Fünf Lieder nach Robert Burns für gemischten Chor, op. 55

Gedichte der Königin Maria Stuart (Poems of Mary, Queen of Scots), op. 135

Jagdlieder : Fünf Gesänge aus H. Laubes "Jagdbrevier", op. 137

Liederalbum für die Jugend, op. 79 [collection]

Liederkreis von Heinrich Heine (Song cycle), op. 24

Liederkreis von Joseph Freiherr von Eichendorff (Song Cycle) op. 39

Mädchenlieder (Kulmann Lieder), (Songs of a maiden) op. 103

Minnespiel, op. 101

Myrten (Murta), op. 25

Requiem für Mignon aus Goethes "Wilhelm Meister", op. 98

Ritornelle in canonischen Weisen (Seven canonic part songs), op. 65

Sechs Gedichte aus dem Liederbuch eines Malers, op. 36

Sechs Gedichte von Nikolaus Lenau und Requiem, op. 90

Sieben Lieder von Elisabeth Kulmann zur Erinnerung an die Dichterin (Seven Songs to words by Elisabeth Kulmann, in memory of the poetess), op. 104

Spanische Liebeslieder, op. 138

Spanisches Liederspiel (Spanish Liederspiel), op. 74

Szenen aus Goethes Faust

Vier doppelchörige Gesänge, op. 141

Vier Gesänge für gemischten Chor, op. 59

Vier Husarenlieder von Nikolaus Lenau (Four Hussar Songs), op. 117

Vom Pagen und der Königstochter (Ballads of the Page and Princess), op. 140

Zwölf Gedichte aus Friedrich Rückerts "Liebesfrühling" [multi-composer]

Zwölf Gedichte von Justinus Kerner (Twelve Songs) (Dodici canzoni), op. 35

VOCAL WORKS: ALPHABETICAL ORDER (BY TITLE)


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  • Quartett (Schumann 138/10), op. 138 no. 10 (in Spanische Liebeslieder) (Text: Emanuel von Geibel after Rodrigo Cota de Maguaque)


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