Johann Sebastian Bach
Johann Sebastian Bach(31 March|1685|21 March - 28 July 1750) was a German composer, organist, harpsichordist, violist, and violinist of the Baroque period. He enriched established German styles through his skill in counterpoint, harmonic and motivic organization, and the adaptation of rhythms, forms, and textures from abroad, particularly from Italy and France. Bach's compositions include the Brandenburg concertos, the Mass in B minor, the The Well-Tempered Clavier, more than 200 cantatas, two Passions and keyboard works. His music is revered for its intellectual depth, technical command, and artistic beauty.
Bach was born in Eisenach, Saxe-Eisenach, into a great musical family; his father, Johann Ambrosius Bach, was the director of the town musicians, and all of his uncles were professional musicians. His father probably taught him to play violin and harpsichord, and his brother, Johann Christoph Bach (1671–1721), taught him the clavichord and exposed him to much contemporary music. After graduating from school, he held several musical posts across Germany: he served as Kapellmeister (director of music) to Leopold, Prince of Anhalt-Köthen, Cantor of the Thomasschule in Leipzig, and Royal Court Composer to August III.Bach's health and vision declined in 1749, and he died on 28 July 1750. Modern historians believe that his death was caused by a combination of stroke and pneumonia.
Bach's abilities as an organist were highly respected throughout Europe during his lifetime, although he was not widely recognized as a great composer until a revival of interest and performances of his music in the first half of the 19th century. He is now generally regarded as one of the main composers of the Baroque period, and as one of the greatest composers of all time. He composed in most genres and categories of music and his vocal music includes songs, cantatas, arias and other works.
Song Cycles, Symphonies, Collections etc.
Notenbüchlein für Anna Magdalena Bach, BWV. 517
- no. 40. Wie wohl ist mir, o Freund der Seelen (JS Bach) (Text: Wolfgang Christoph Dreßler)
VOCAL WORKS: ALPHABETICAL ORDER (BY TITLE)
- Bäche von gesalznen Zähren (JS Bach), BWV. 21 (Text: Salomo Franck)
- Befiehl du deine Wege (JS Bach) (Text: Paul Gerhardt)
- Benedictus (from B minor mass) (Text: Bible or other Sacred Texts)
- Bist du bei mir (JS Bach)[misattr.]
- Blute nur, die liebes Herz (from St. Matthew Passion)
- Christe eleison (from B minor Mass)
- Die schäumenden Wellen von Belials Bächen (JS Bach), BWV. 81
- Domine Deus (JS Bach 232) )from B minor Mass)
- Hebt euer Haupt empor (JS Bach), BWV 70 (Text: Salomo Franck)
- Ich weiß daß mein Erlöser lebt (JS Bach), BWV. 160 [misattr.] (Text: Erdmann Neumeister)
- Ihr Floge dir Gleichfalls (from St. John Passion)
- Jesus Christus, Gottes Sohn (JS Bach), BWV. 4 (Text: Martin Luther)
- Magnificat anima mea dominum (JS Bach), BWV. 243 (Text: Bible or other Sacred Texts)
- Mein Liebster Jesus ist verloren (JS Bach), BWV. 154
- Nimm mich dir zu eigen hin (JS Bach), BWV 65
- Nun ist das Heil und die Kraft (JS Bach), BWV 50 (Text: Bible or other Sacred Texts)
- Nur ein Wink von seinen from Weinachts Oratorium
- O Seelenparadies (JS Bach), BWV. 172 (Text: Salomo Franck)
- Quia respexit (from Magnificat)
- Suscepit Israel (from Magnificat)
- Tilge, Höchster, meine Sünden (JS Bach), BWV. 1083