Franz Liszt

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Franz Liszt, (October 22, 1811 - July 31, 1886), in modern use Liszt Ferenc, Liszt's Hungarian passport spelt his given name as "Ferencz". An orthographic reform of the Hungarian language in 1922 (which was 36 years after Liszt's death) changed the letter "cz" to simply "c" in all words except surnames; this has led to Liszt's given name being rendered in modern Hungarian usage as "Ferenc" from 1859 to 1867 officially Franz Ritter von Liszt, Franz Liszt was created a Ritter by Emperor Franz Joseph I of Austria in 1859, but never used this title of nobility in public. The title was necessary to marry the Princess Carolyne zu Sayn-Wittgenstein without her losing her privileges, but after the marriage fell through, Liszt transferred the title to his uncle Eduard in 1867.

Liszt gained renown in Europe during the early nineteenth century for his virtuosic skill as a pianist. He was said by his contemporaries to have been the most technically advanced pianist of his age, and in the 1840s he was considered by some to be perhaps the greatest pianist of all time. Liszt was also a well-known and influential composer, piano teacher and conductor. He was a benefactor to other composers, including Richard Wagner, Hector Berlioz, Camille Saint-Saëns, Edvard Grieg and Alexander Borodin.

As a composer, Liszt was one of the most prominent representatives of the "Neudeutsche Schule" ("New German School"). He left behind an extensive and diverse body of work in which he influenced his forward-looking contemporaries and anticipated some 20th-century ideas and trends. Some of his most notable contributions were the invention of the symphonic poem, developing the concept of thematic transformation as part of his experiments in musical form and making radical departures in harmony. He also played an important role in popularizing a wide array of music by transcribing it specifically for piano.

Song Cycles, Symphonies, Collections etc.

Christus, S. 3 [oratorio]

Drei Lieder aus Schillers Wilhelm Tell (Three Songs from Schiller's "William Tell"), S. 292

Muttergottes-Sträußlein zum Maimonate, S. 316

Petrarca-Sonette, S. 270a

Sechs Lieder

Tre sonetti di Petrarca (Three Petrarch Sonnets), S. 270a

Via Crucis, S. 53

Wartburglieder, S. 345

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